One of the most common ailments in dogs is skin disease. Dogs, like humans, are prone to skin problems. This is not surprising given that the skin is one of the body’s largest and most extensive organ systems. Dog skin problems can range from mild to severe.
Atopic dermatitis, PyoTraumatic dermatitis, hair loss, scaling, dry/dull coat, and scabies are the five most common skin conditions in dogs. Let’s figure it out together!
Dermatitis due to allergies
Atopic dermatitis is the first skin disease in dogs. Atopic dermatitis causes itchy skin in dogs at any time of year. Atopic dermatitis (which may be hereditary) is a common problem in pets today, particularly dogs.
Itching can cause skin damage, particularly if it is scratched frequently. Food sensitivities or environmental allergies, such as pollen, mold, dust mite, and insect antigens, are common causes of atopic dermatitis. Dog allergies can also cause dermatitis in dogs.
It is critical to determine what is causing your dog’s atopic dermatitis, whether it is due to diet or environmental factors. Many veterinarians recommend that dogs with atopic dermatitis consume essential fats such as omega-3s and avoid sources of inflammation such as grains, GMOs, unnecessary preservatives, vitamins, synthetics, and other harmful substances.
Meanwhile, you can take safer, more natural steps, such as immunosuppressants.
Traumatic Purulent Dermatitis
Hot spots are large, painful red bumps on a dog’s skin that itch in the mouth when the dog licks, bites, or rubs. The area around the hot spot is frequently unpleasant and smelly. Purulent traumatic dermatitis is the trendy medical term.
When a dog scratches, licks, or bites an area of skin, it causes it to become irritated and inflamed. These sores are also caused by an overgrowth of bacteria that grows on the dog’s skin naturally. Hot spots are common in dogs who have an unbalanced immune system.
Infection occurs when the skin becomes red and rough, resulting in a vicious cycle of itching, scratching, and further skin damage. Touching hot spots can cause pain in dogs. Dogs with thick coats, dirty or damp skin, allergies, and systemic inflammation, including flea allergies, are more likely to develop the condition.
Some dogs, such as the Chinese Crested, Xolo, and American Shorthaired Terrier, are naturally hairless. Some dogs, on the other hand, are hairless or have genetically spotted hair at the base of the neck, chest, back, thighs, between the eyes and ears, or above the outer ears. Chihuahuas, Dachshunds, Doberman Pinschers, Italian Greyhounds, and Whippets are among these breeds.
Some dog breeds shed hair as a result of skin conditions such as itching, sores, drug or vaccine reactions, hypothyroidism, pattern X hair loss (endocrine disorders), Cushing’s disease, adrenal disease, or Addison’s disease.
Most importantly, if your dog’s coat begins to thin, fall out, or stop growing after trimming, you should contact your veterinarian right away.
Dry, flaky and dull skin
Dry or flaky skin is a relatively common skin condition in dogs. Bathing, infrequent or (rarely) excessive bathing, nutritional deficiencies in the diet, or other types of infections are all common causes of scaling and dry skin in dogs. pathological.
The dog’s skin will peel more if it is not brushed frequently. This is especially important for dogs with double coats, which tend to pile up and contain a lot of dead skin.
Bathing your dog too frequently or infrequently can cause skin peeling. The “bath when the dog needs it” principle applies to dog bathing. Some dogs require only a few baths per year, whereas others with oily skin or coats should be bathed at least once a week.
Select a gentle, organic dog shampoo made specifically for dogs. It can also be used in conjunction with conditioner to moisturize your dog’s coat and skin.
Dogs who do not consume enough omega-3 fatty acids may develop peeling skin. So, whether you make your own dog food or feed it to your dog, you must always ensure that the nutrients contain all of the essential fatty acids. Dogs can get omega-3 fatty acids from coconut oil or krill oil.
Diseases such as metabolic disorders can also cause dog exfoliation. Peeling skin can also be caused by hyperthyroidism and skin infections (caused by bacteria, fungi, viruses, and parasites).
Contact your veterinarian if your dog’s skin conditions are severe, such as flaking, or if their coat is dull or dry to ensure healthy skin and coat.
The most common cause of itchy skin in dogs is scabies. If your dog’s skin is itchy and inflamed, he or she could be suffering from one of two types of scabies: demodex scabies or scabies.
Puppies are more susceptible to demodicosis. The disease is caused by the bacterium Demodex, which lives in the hair follicles of dogs. They suppress or reduce immune system function. Demodicosis, thankfully, is not contagious.
Scabies is caused by the Sarcoptes scabiei mite. A female tick burrows into a dog’s skin, lays eggs, and then leaves, causing the disease. Scabies causes severe skin inflammation in dogs. Unlike Demodex, this mite can survive in cool, moist environments for days or even weeks without a host. They can live on the host for 2 to 6 days on average.
Scabies is highly contagious, and even cats and people with perfectly healthy immune systems can become infected. Unfortunately, the standard treatment for scabies and demodicosis involves dousing the dog in a toxic chemical that kills the ticks.
But the drug can cause harmful side effects such as irritability, tremors, vomiting, diarrhea, loss of appetite and decreased body temperature. You can also give your dog injections or other medications, or simply shampoo them. However, all chemical-based treatments can have negative side effects.
As a result, it’s best to consult with your veterinarian to determine the source of your dog’s skin problems and treat accordingly.