What virus causes rabies in dogs?
Rabies is caused by a virus of the genus Lyssavirus in the Rhabdoviridae family that has been found all over the world, including the Americas, Africa, Asia, the Middle East, and parts of Europe.
This virus has the ability to directly affect the central nervous system of almost all mammals, particularly rabies in cats, dogs, and humans.
Dogs had the highest number of rabies cases (97%), followed by cats and other animals (3%).
For people who have always had pets, this has always been a nightmare.
What causes rabies in dogs?
Why do dogs get rabies and how is it usually transmitted? The rabies virus primarily enters animals through open wounds, either directly or indirectly.
- Dog rabies is often spread directly when your pet dog is bitten or injured by another rabid animal.
- Indirect transmission: Both humans and dogs can contract the virus through open wounds that come into direct contact with rabies virus-containing saliva.
After entering the host body via the aforementioned pathways, the virus will attempt to quickly move to the central nervous system of the brain and spinal cord, causing paralysis or acute meningitis, rendering the infected animal unable to control and control its nervous system.
Rabies is spread when components of a rabid animal’s saliva come into direct contact with the cornea or eyes of an uninfected animal. Canine rabies has a relatively long incubation period, ranging from 50 to 80 days, depending on the location and active time of the virus spreading from peripheral nerves to the nervous system, central nervous system, and causing clinical manifestations.
Rabies is often not fully manifested with specific symptoms in its early stages, and it is easy to confuse this disease with some other common diseases. However, as the rabies virus enters the host’s central nervous system, rabies symptoms will gradually emerge.
Since its discovery, there has been no specific medicine for rabies, and the disease can only be prevented in your pets through vaccination. Understanding the symptoms of rabies in dogs can help you protect yourself and your loved ones from contracting the virus.
What are the symptoms of rabies in a dog?
Rabies in dogs is a major concern for pet owners all over the world. So, how can we identify the most common symptoms of canine rabies?
Actually, rabies in dogs has two stages: the telogen phase and the rabies-rabies phase. The symptoms of rabies will be subtle in the early stages, with some abnormalities in the host’s central nervous system causing obvious changes in the dog’s mood.
- In a silent state, the performance of rabies is sometimes just an incomprehensible, depressed, or even restless appearance hiding in a dark corner alone.
- Or bark aimlessly, even biting the air, as if a stranger stood in front of them.
- A high temperature and moodiness are also symptoms of rabies in dogs, but these symptoms can be confused with those of other diseases.
- Rabies is triggered in the next stage of the disease when the rabies virus has infiltrated the central nervous system, causing the host’s personality to become more rebellious and difficult to control.
- The presence of rabies in a dog is indicated by a strong reaction to stimulation of its nervous system.
- When strange noises or strangers enter the house, the dogs will react violently, pounce on them, bite, and bark furiously.
Rabies wounds in dogs often become infected, causing itching and burning. As a result, they will frequently lick and rub the injured area until it loses hair or bleeds, the sores are severe, and a rabid dog’s pupils are usually dilated, accompanied by drooling and foaming at the mouth.
This is also the time when rabies begins to progress, with the dog becoming frantic and out of control after 2 to 3 days.